Recommend, 2018

Editor'S Choice

Share Language development in the child: from one to two years

Ivan

It has been twelve months since the birth of our son, and in this time we have seen how it grows, and how new skills are developed with which to adapt to the world around him.

Little by little, he is able to move with greater autonomy and perform more complex movements that will help him achieve different objectives. His cognitive ability also develops as he interacts with the world, investigating his environment and playing with various objects and people. And the development of language from one to two years will also be quite significant.

Start making emissions that will allow you to more easily regulate your environment to achieve those things that are not within your reach and that are of your interest, as well as having a greater power of communication, since you will not only use gestures to make themselves understood, but little by little their repertoire of sounds will increase.

Between twelve and eighteen months

Initially, our child will start using between one and three words (which will gradually increase) with a referential sense, meaning that they want to mean a specific person, food or object. For those words that he does not know, especially of objects and animals, he will use sounds onomatopoeic sounds in order to be understood.

It is at this stage that he will most often use one-word phrases, also known as holofrases (such as "pelota" to refer to "I want that ball" or "bread" to say "I want more bread") to communicate verbally with his surroundings, since he is not yet able to emit longer phrases. However, little by little, as it grows, a greater number of real words will appear that it will use in its spontaneous language, eventually using ten or more words or onomatopoeic signs throughout this semester.

The sounds that we can most often distinguish at this stage are, mainly, the sound / t /, / n /, / m /, / p / and / b / since they are the sounds that we find most at the time of articulation. easy to do given that they do not suppose too much articulatory difficulty.

When we start playing with them, or even in the routines of daily life, we can see how our little one can imitate vocalizations, exclamations or facial gestures that we do, in addition to adequately repeating onomatopoeic sounds of objects or animals.

As he grows up, he will also be able to imitate familiar words formed by two different syllables (ma-pa, ba-ta ...), as well as to imitate familiar words he hears in a conversation or the gestures he observes in others when speaking, as long as these words or gestures are within their repertoire and that they are known.

His understanding little by little is also getting richer: he responds with appropriate gestures to different mandates that are asked ("take the ball", "do not run" ...), point out common objects of his environment when they are named with words or gestures, indicates his age by raising the index finger when asked ...

At the time of telling a story, begins to maintain interest in the images presented, putting your index finger on any of the drawings and can even identify most common objects when they are named, looking or pointing them with your index finger, and can even get to identify a concrete image between two.

All of the above means that your communication is increasingly effective, as it uses words or gestures to communicate your wishes. It uses the protoimperatives (gestures through which the child uses us to achieve something) and the protodeclarativos (gestures used by the child to share our attention regarding an object that points). Also, when you vocalize, change the intensity or tone to make yourself understood better.

Between nineteen and twenty-four months

As our son approaches the age of two, his repertoire of sounds and vocabulary increases gradually. Begin to combine two words that are usually, mostly, names (common or proper) or verbs. In addition, it overgeneralizes the meaning of the words, since for him every animal with four legs is a dog or all the meat will be "chicha".

Upon reaching the twenty-four months, our little one will have a repertoire of approximately 50 words, which will be combined with some leading articles and even using pronouns (yes, with errors). But most of the time you want to refer to yourself will use your name instead of the pronoun "I". His sentences can be of two or three elements which, generally, are usually verb combinations followed by a noun.

As it happened in the previous semester, when we are in a playful situation we can see how our son can mimic new visible movements, on his own body, or sounds of the environment (animals, motors, clock, telephone)

...

). He is also able to imitate simple new words with two syllables and sounds accurately. In addition, little by little he will be integrating in his spontaneous language those sentences of two or three words that he imitates from the adult.

His comprehension also shows some improvement, since he now responds adequately and discriminates better between various sounds of the environment, as well as being able to follow orders that include an action within a certain context, and can even carry out two actions in a row.

If we are reading a story together, we notice how he is able to identify most of the common objects when they are named, looking or pointing them with his index finger. Also, if we present you five or more drawings and ask you to select one in particular, you can do it without much difficulty.

In short, our little one shows knowledge of new words at an increasing rate, which translates into, for example, being able to select appropriately drawings that represent a large number of objects, people and basic actions.

His communication now consists of a mixture of jargon and real words that he uses to comment on something, ask for objects and actions on the part of the adult (for example, repeating something that makes him very funny) or simply to get attention. We notice how he is able to greet people with appropriate gestures or vocalizations or to address the adult to get information with a questioning look, changes in the tone or intensity of the voice or with words. In addition, this would correspond to the "no" stage, since it is your response to anything you do not want to do or as a means to protest something.

conclusion

The development of language in the child between the year and two years is a very important advance at all levels: the repertoire of sounds and vocabulary increases considerably, his ability to imitate helps him to integrate new words or gestures that will also be translated in a greater comprehension capacity and, most importantly, his communicative intention will be increasingly profiled, which makes him increasingly competent.

Photo | HaardNox on Flickr in Babies and more | Development in the language of the baby: from ten to twelve months, the child's growth schedule: one year, how babies see until the year of life

Top