Irene Montero gave birth to her twins at six months of pregnancy: causes and complications in premature babies
Lola Rovati @Lolarovati
The parliamentary spokesperson for Podemos, whom we saw a few days ago talking about motherhood in a television program, has just given birth prematurely to Leo and Manuel, the twins who were waiting for September-October. They were born with six months (approximately 28 weeks of gestation), when the normal duration of pregnancy is 40 weeks.
The delivery took place at nine o'clock today in a hospital in Madrid and the situation of children is "delicate", since they are under observation waiting for their evolution.
Very premature babies
Each year 15 million premature babies are born in the world. Births that occur between week 37 and 42 of gestation are considered to term, those that occur before week 37 are considered premature, very premature those occurring between week 28 and 32 and premature or premature premature those who they arrive in the world between week 22 and 28 of gestation.
Each week in the womb is essential for the development of babies, since children born prematurely do not have their organs fully developed and weigh less, and therefore, are exposed to more complications .
Causes of premature births
There is no single cause that triggers preterm deliveries and any pregnant woman may have a premature birth, although there are several other factors that could be associated, mainly:
- Maternal diseases before and during pregnancy, such as pre-eclampsia or eclampsia
- History of premature births or repeat abortions
- Uterine malformation
- Infections in pregnancy
- Having a multiple pregnancy
- Stress of the mother
Suffering stressful experiences early in pregnancy may induce the birth of underweight or very premature children, according to a study by Anhui Medical University, China, conducted in 2010 and published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology .
The increase in the production of certain hormones associated with stress and depression would have a significant role in triggering labor.
Complications of premature babies
Their low weight and still immature organs, especially the lungs, means that babies born before term are exposed to greater complications than those born at term such as:
- Respiratory problems : such as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), apnea of prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pneumonia, due to the immaturity of the lungs.
- Anemia : premature babies are at high risk of having lower levels of red blood cells.
- Inability to regulate body temperature : they are born with little body fat and immature skin, which makes it difficult to maintain body heat.
- Retinopathy : affects most premature babies between 24 and 26 weeks of gestation, but rarely affects them beyond 33 to 34 weeks of gestation.
- Intraventricular hemorrhage : Babies born before 34 weeks have an increased risk of bleeding in the brain.
- Greater vulnerability to infections, especially necrotising enterocolitis, a disease that causes the destruction of parts of the intestine.
- Gastrointestinal and immature digestive system: their digestive system is still immature to absorb nutrients, so they are fed intravenously
- Jaundice : a condition characterized by high levels of bilirubin in the blood.
We hope that the premature babies of Irene Montero will evolve favorably in the coming days and that in a few weeks we can break the news that they are already at home with their parents. And of course, all our support to parents, because when your baby is born premature and nothing is as you planned, the uncertainty is very great.
In Babies and more | What is a preterm delivery? Can it be prevented?