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Share Vision problems during pregnancy

Eva Paris @paris_eva

Although we tend to worry about other aspects of health during pregnancy, such as nutrition or skin, pregnancy can also bring changes in the eyes that affect the eyes, even if not treated properly, can trigger visual diseases.

The eye system can be altered because there are hormonal changes, and a discomfort as frequent as fluid retention can affect vision. Especially if you have already had eye problems, it is important to keep an adequate control during pregnancy and go to some revision.

Eye edema

The increase in blood volume and changes in its properties cause fluid to accumulate in the tissues. This is why swelling of the ankles and feet are common, although the hands and face may also be affected. In this context , ocular edema may arise , which can cause mild blurred vision .

If along with the swelling of the extremities there are frequent and prolonged headaches, inflammation, acute pain under the ribs, or problems of vomiting, blurred vision or vertigo we can be faced with symptoms of preeclampsia, so you should go to the gynecologist immediately .

Myopia during pregnancy

In addition, during pregnancy some women who have never had myopia can present it and those who have preexisting myopia may experience an increase: in approximately 10% of women, myopia worsens in pregnancy . It is advisable to check the graduation of the glasses if the changes are large, and avoid tasks such as night driving if there are vision problems.

In the case of women with high myopia, they are predisposed to undergo retinal detachment, especially in the peripartum and in childbirth, although it is not a common condition.

There are several types of retinal detachment, and the resolution of the process will depend on the degree of macular involvement, being in some cases precise laser therapy or even surgery. In cases of pregnancy, the resolution is usually spontaneous at the end of the third trimester or after delivery, with recovery of visual acuity.

And is that in most women, myopia returns to normal a few months after giving birth. However, in about 20% of cases, refraction may remain after delivery.

Retinopathy in pregnancy

Retinopathy is a noninflammatory disease that affects the retina, and one of the most common retinopathies is diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is a disease of the small vessels of the retina, which is the layer that covers the back of the eye and perceives light.

The progression of diabetic retinopathy induced by pregnancy can be a threat to eyesight. For this reason, diabetic pregnant women should undergo regular check-ups, as up to 30% of diabetics previously develop retinopathy during pregnancy.

In short, we must be alert to any symptom that affects our vision and if they are continued, go to the specialist. The key to correct visual health during pregnancy is to adopt preventive measures, such as avoiding fluid retention and maintaining adequate control.

Via | El Universal Photo | c_pichler on Flickr-CC In Babies and more | The face in pregnancy, Visual problems in pregnancy, Eye doctors warn about the accentuation of myopia caused by pregnancy, Operate myopia after pregnancy