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Share What will I feel? The most frequent discomforts in the first trimester of pregnancy

Lola Rovati @Lolarovati

As soon as you find out you're expecting a baby, or maybe before you know it, the typical discomforts of the first trimester of pregnancy appear . The first weeks are the most intense in terms of discomfort, since at the beginning of pregnancy there is a great hormonal alteration . From the fourth month, the woman's body adapts to the new situation and most of the discomfort disappears, or at least remits.

Each stage of pregnancy is wonderful, but to a lesser or greater extent all pregnant women suffer the characteristic discomfort caused by the changes that occur in their body. In this post we will focus on the discomfort of the first trimester and in the subsequent we will focus on the most frequent discomforts in the second trimester and the most frequent discomforts in the third trimester.

Swelling and tenderness in the breasts

The most noticeable discomfort of the first trimester, and in some women the first symptom of pregnancy, is swelling and tenderness in the breasts.

From the first days, the breasts begin to prepare for breastfeeding. The high levels of progesterone and estrogen make them grow and become more sensitive, so much so that sometimes they hurt at the slightest touch of clothes.

It may be necessary for the enlargement of the breasts to adjust the size of the bra, to one or two more sizes. Cotton cloths are preferable, with no seams or rings that may make them uncomfortable.

After the first trimester, this hypersensitivity usually subsides, although it may not always, while during the second and third trimesters the breasts continue to grow and accumulate fat.

Sickness

Nausea is another of the most common complaints in the first weeks of pregnancy. Some women do not feel them, but others take it really bad, even going to vomit several times a day .

It is not known for sure why they feel nauseous, it has even been said that they could be psychological, but the most widespread theory is that they are due to the rapid rise in the levels of the human chorionic gonadotropin hormone secreted by the placenta.

They are often accompanied by intolerance and aversion to certain foods, as well as repulsion to some smells that increase the feeling of discomfort.

They can appear at any time of the day, although morning sickness is more common after a long fast. In some women they persist throughout pregnancy, however they usually disappear or at least subside towards the beginning of the second trimester.

It is recommended to make small and frequent meals, prefer carbohydrates and avoid copious meals and too fatty foods, fried foods, as well as coffee and tobacco.

Many women resort to natural remedies such as ginger infusion, although not all of them are effective

In any case, nausea does not affect the baby at all, unless the vomiting is very intense and the mother loses too much weight or is at risk of dehydration, as in hyperemesis gravidarum.

Tiredness and sleep

The general tiredness and the desire to sleep at all hours is another of the most typical complaints of the first weeks. The body of the woman is living a great change, both physical and emotional. It increases the blood volume, the heart and the organs involved work more than usual, in addition the placenta and the main organs of the baby are formed, so it is normal that there is a greater energy consumption.

The woman feels tired and sleepy, and if to this we add the discomfort due to vomiting and emotional stress, it is logical that the body asks for rest . And now more than ever, for your health and that of your baby you must attend to their needs.

The best solution for fatigue and sleep in pregnancy is to rest whenever possible . Any time is good to give a nap, the nap, after lunch, before dinner and go to sleep earlier than usual. Healthy diet and moderate exercise also help to raise the energy level.

Indigestion

Although it is a more common discomfort towards the end of pregnancy, when the size of the gut compresses the digestive organs, it can also appear in the first trimester due to the action of the hormones that intervene in the pregnancy.

It is normal to have the sensation of an upset stomach and that everything you eat feels bad. Due to the increase in progesterone that relaxes the intestinal muscles, it is also common to have gases, which towards the end of the first trimester can become confused with the baby's first movements.

To keep this disorder at bay it is recommended to chew food well, eat slowly and of course, eat a healthy diet and avoid too heavy meals that only aggravate the sensation of indigestion.

Excessive salivation

Another discomfort that appears at the beginning of pregnancy is excessive salivation or hypersalivation, perhaps one of the least known discomforts of pregnancy.

It is caused by the hormonal changes of the first weeks that cause alterations in the mouth. It is associated with nausea, since swallowing excess saliva contributes to that feeling of discomfort or may occur precisely when feeling nausea.

To alleviate it there are some tricks such as eating a slice of wholemeal bread or light crackers and brushing your teeth. They are also recommended lemon sodas or drink a glass of water with a slice of lemon.

Dizziness

It is normal during the first months of pregnancy to feel dizzy. They happen when there is a drop in blood pressure, something that can happen when the woman's body is adapting to the new situation.

They can appear at any time of the day, but are more likely to have dizziness after eating or when getting up abruptly.

If you feel dizzy, you have to lie down with your legs up or sitting with your head between your knees to facilitate the blood return. Always carry a candy in your bag just in case, if you feel a drop in tension, a candy will help raise the blood sugar level.

Headache

The hormonal changes that occur in the first trimester can cause intense headaches . In some women, habitual headaches are intensified while others are felt for the first time in pregnancy.

The increased volume of blood circulation and the decrease in blood glucose contribute to a very intense and characteristic headache that is concentrated on both sides of the head and the nape of the neck.

To relieve it, you can follow some tips such as: make several meals a day to avoid lack of sugar, exercise moderately to facilitate blood circulation, lie on the left side, massage the temples, rest and place cold compresses on the forehead.

If the pain is very intense and persistent and does not remit past the first trimester, it is advisable to consult with the doctor because it could be a symptom of preeclampsia.

Nasal congestion

By the second month of pregnancy, the woman may have the sensation of having a cold without being cured. It is the so-called rhinitis of pregnancy caused by the dilation of blood vessels. It is possible that the congestion itself causes nosebleeds.

Try to avoid very dry environments, irritating substances such as perfumes, smoke, drink plenty of fluids, get nasal washes with saline and try not to blow your nose too hard to avoid bleeding.

Photo | © PhotoXpress.com, reproduced with permission.

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