Share What will I feel? The most frequent discomforts in the second trimester of pregnancy
Lola Rovati @Lolarovati
As mentioned in the previous article, pregnancy is wonderful, but to a greater or lesser extent all pregnant women feel at some point certain discomfort caused by changes in their body.
After knowing the first trimester of pregnancy, we move towards discomfort in the second trimester of pregnancy . It is, they say, and in my case it was, the best stage of pregnancy . Most of the discomforts of the first weeks disappear or at least remit, and still have no presence caused by the excessive weight and volume of the belly.
However, in the second trimester of pregnancy the woman may also suffer some discomfort, such as sciatica, constipation, hemorrhoids, cramps and palpitations.
From the second trimester it is usual for the pregnant woman to suffer from sciatica. It is an intense pain in the lower back that occurs when the sciatic nerve is inflamed. It is a pain that extends down the back of the thigh and branches behind the knee to the foot. It can appear on only one side in both.
It is caused by the distension of the ligaments of the area produced by a hormone secreted in pregnancy called relaxin.
To combat sciatica, it is best to practice exercise, control weight gain, massage and avoid bad postures. When the pain appears, place dry heat in the area.
They are involuntary and painful muscular contractions that appear with greater intensity in the legs, especially in calves and feet. They usually appear when you are sleeping or lying down, which is when the venous return is slower.
In this case it is also the action of the hormones that is responsible for the cramps, since they affect the circulatory system by softening the walls of the blood vessels and making venous and lymphatic return difficult. Stagnation of fluid in the legs is what causes the annoying cramps.
To prevent them, it is advisable to consume foods rich in potassium (banana, kiwi) and magnesium (green leafy vegetables), practice moderate exercise, massage and perform gentle stretching before going to bed.
If the cramps are very intense and frequent, it is best to consult with the doctor, as it may be a symptom of a more serious problem such as venous thrombosis.
Half of pregnant women suffer constipation at some time during pregnancy. It is a disorder that can appear from the second quarter caused because the hormones slow down the movements of the intestines . In women who already had it before pregnancy, the problem may even worsen.
The most effective way to prevent constipation during pregnancy is to drink plenty of water, as well as increase fiber intake (fruits, vegetables and whole grains) and exercise regularly.
A natural trick: leave several plums and dried apricots soaking at night. In the morning drink the liquid and eat the fruit mixed with yogurt.
Largely associated with constipation, hemorrhoids can appear towards the second trimester of pregnancy, most likely towards the second half.
It is a circulatory disorder caused by the dilation of the veins, which in addition to constipation produces an increase in pressure in the rectal vessels, causing the appearance of hemorrhoids. They can produce itching or pain, in some cases a very intense pain, and sometimes even bleed.
As well as a diet rich in fiber to prevent constipation, when the happy hemorrhoids appear, you can relieve them with cold water baths, do not delay going to the bathroom when you feel like it and clean the area well after you go.
Palpitations and tachycardia
Although they may appear from the first quarter, they become more accentuated towards the second quarter. The increase in blood flow causes the heart to work at forced marches, which may cause minor alterations in its functioning such as palpitations or tachycardia.
Stress also contributes to suffer palpitations, as well as to make efforts, with which the remedy is to lead a life as calm as possible. Also practice exercise, sleep on your side, practice relaxation and breathing techniques.
Heartburn or heartburn
Burning, heartburn or heartburn is a digestive discomfort that is explained by various causes, from the increase in the size of the uterus (which leaves less space to the stomach) to hormonal factors that produce gastric alterations.
Many pregnant women suffer from it and it is quite unpleasant. To prevent it, avoid heavy meals (better to eat a few times a day), eat slowly, avoid fried or spicy spicy foods, avoid carbonated drinks, coffee or sodas with caffeine and dinner at least two hours before going to bed.
Photo | Emery Co Photo on FlickrIn Babies and more | What will I feel? The most frequent discomforts in the first trimester of pregnancy, The most common ailments in pregnancy: how to alleviate them, according to WHO?