Sharing Taking a multivitamin complex during pregnancy could reduce premature births, or not
When a woman becomes pregnant, or even before, if the pregnancy was sought, usually take supplements of folic acid and iodine, to help the proper formation of the fetus, especially during the first three months of pregnancy.
There are multivitamin complexes in the market that besides taking iodine and folic acid include "a little bit of everything", whose effect on the baby and the pregnancy process is not well known (remember that an excess of vitamins does not have to be good ), but they tend to consume a lot because of: "since I take a pill, if I take more vitamins and minerals with it, the better".
A recent study conducted in Denmark and the USA. has tried to shed some light on the issue, resulting in women who take vitamin compounds when they become pregnant may have less risk of premature birth or of the child having low birth weight, or not.
For the study, a sample of 35, 897 pregnant women was taken in Denmark and the use of multivitamin complexes was analyzed in the period between 4 weeks before conception and eight weeks after the last rule (that is, one month before pregnancy and two months later).
Benefits of multivitamin complexes
The results show that women who took these complexes, at least during eight of the 12 weeks, had a 4.3% of premature births . Women who did not take the multivitamin complexes had 5.3% of premature births . Similarly, those who took vitamins were less likely to have a small baby for gestational age.
Despite the results, the researchers are cautious when promoting the use of multivitamin complexes due to some variables that could reduce the credibility of the data obtained.
When the diet and smoking habits of the women in both groups were considered, the differences still existed, if the mothers had a normal weight, these differences were also seen (so I understand that when the mothers were overweight there was no difference between those who took vitamins and those that do not).
When analyzing more variables they realized that the participants who took supplements tended to have healthier habits than the rest, an important fact that could be the cause of that 1% difference that is observed between some women and others.
To finish, the authors consider that studies that show what the effects of vitamins in babies are lacking, so that, directly, they do not recommend pregnant women to take vitamin complexes (or recommend not to take them, of course).
Personally, I believe that a woman does not have to take extra vitamins if she is eating correctly. All the vitamins are in the food, so I would stick to taking folic acid and iodine exclusively.
In women with many nausea and very little appetite who are certainly eating much less than what they ate before, I do believe that it could be interesting to take a multivitamin complex, but only temporarily until the woman returns to eat more or less balanced.
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